Panama

Kuna houses are very simple. Walls are constructed of bamboo. The floor is packed earth and the roof is made of palm fronds or corrugated tin. The hearth is an open fire set off in a separate room adjoining the house. 

Here an old woman uses a fan made of palm fibers to aerate the cook fire and to keep the smoke out of her eyes. Chairs are noticeably absent in Kuna houses. They either sit in the floor or swing in a hammock.

Kuna, San Blas Archipelago, Panama

Jean-Philippe Soule 2001