Molas may be the most obvious commodity for Kuna women but gold is cherished above all. They wear what they can afford. Gold necklaces, earrings and nose-rings indicate their social status and reinforce their position over men as the superior breadwinner. From the time of their puberty ceremony (age 12) throughout their life they progressively wear more jewelry.

Kuna, San Blas Archipelago, Panama

Jean-Philippe Soule 2001